bc/cp="mw-headline" id="History">Geschichte[edit]>> The Alcatraz Islands () is situated in San Francisco Bay, 1. 25 Leagues (2. 01 km) off the coast of San Francisco, California, USA. 1 ] The small islet was expanded from 1934 to 1963 with installations for a beacon, a fortress, a military jail (1828) and a national jail. From November 1969, the entire country was invaded for more than 19 month by a group of San Francisco Indians who were part of a ripple of Indian militancy throughout the country, with open protest in the 70s.

Alcatraz became part of a nationwide recreational area in 1972 and became a Historic Landmark in 1986. Today, the island's amenities are administered by the Golden Gate as part of the Golden Gate and are open for touring. It takes just under 15 mins to get to the islands by boat from Pier 33 between the San Francisco Ferry Building and Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco.

Hornwower Cruises and Event, which operates under the name Alcatraz Cruises, is the offical operator of ferries to and from the Isle. The main cell house, the dining room, the library, the lighthouse, the remains of the guardhouse and the officers' club, the parade ground, building 64, the water tower, the new industrial building, the model industry building and the recreation area are the symbols of the town.

Morning fog on alcoholraz, from the eastern side. Watertower and power station (right), which produced power for the isle. After the United States' purchase of California as a consequence of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848), which ended the Mexican-American War, and the beginning of the California gold rush in the following year, the US Army began to investigate the eligibility of Alkatraz Islands for the placement of coast banks to safeguard access to San Francisco Bay.

The United States Army Corps of Engineers, led by Zealous B. Tower, began fortification of the fortress in 1853, which lasted until 1858 in the Alcatraz fortress. At the end of the year the first military camp of the Isle of Alcatraz with about 200 troops and 11 guns arrives.

Alcatraz was used to accommodate detainees of war from as early as 1861 because of its external insulation from the cool, powerful and dangerous streams of water of San Francisco Bay. Throughout the 29 years it was in use, the prison detained some of the most infamous offenders in U.S. history,[5] such as Al Capone, Robert Franklin Stroud (the "Birdman of Alcatraz"), George "Machine Gun" Kelly, Bumpy Johnson, Rafael Cancel Miranda (a member of the Revolutionary Nationalist Party of 1954, who assaulted the Capitol Palace of the United States),[25] Mickey Cohen, Arthur R.

"Doc " Barker and Alvin "Creepy" Karpis (who spent more hours in Alcatraz than any other prisoner). Altogether 36 inmates made 14 attempted escapes, two men tried twice, 23 were found dead, six were executed during their flight, two died and five were reported "missing and suspected drowned".

26 ] On May 2, 1946, the most brutal event took place when a unsuccessful attempted flight of six detainees to the Battle of Alcatraz. Furthermore, the public protested more and more against the impact on the environment of the wastewater discharged into San Francisco Bay by the approximately 250 occupants and 60 Bureau of Prisons family members on the Isle.

This year, the United States Penitentiary opened in Marion, Illinois, ashore to replace Alcatraz. On March 8, 1964 Alcatraz Island was invaded for the first Egyptian campaign. Among others, the San Francisco Chronicle and the San Francisco Examiner informed about the meeting.

Inhabitants, who were on the isle for almost two years, called for the island's institutions to be adjusted and new infrastructure to be constructed for an educational centre, an environmental centre and a culture centre in India. Indians took the peninsula under US-Sioux rules of the Fort Laramie Agreement (1868), which said it guaranteed to give back to the natives all states that were pensioned, deserted or no longer used.

Then Indians of all tribes took possession of the island of Alcatraz through the "right of discovery," as the Indians knew a thousand years ago, before any Europeans came to North America. Started by the San Francisco Indians, the crew drew other Indians from all over the land, among them city militants from the American Indian Movement (AIM) in Minneapolis.

It is the cell house of Alciraz, the beacon and the guard's house that was burnt out during the 1969-71 war. Troy R. Johnson explains in The Occupation o' Alcatraz Island that tribal people knew about Alcatraz at least 10,000 years before every European knew about any part of North America.

Today, American tribes, such as the International Indian Treaty Council, are holding ceremonials on the Indian Isle, especially their "Sunrise Gatherings" on every Columbus Day and Thanksgiving Day. Coastline of the San Francisco Bay Area has led to degradation and rust of construction material throughout Alcatraz. From 2011, the national park service began extensive renovation work on the isle, among them the laying of photovoltaic boards on the Zellhausdach, the securing of the slopes near the guardroom and the stabilisation and renovation of the external Zellhauswände.

This is a blind that is considered an important location for the slim Californian salamander because of its wet crevasses. The jail of Alkatraz and its area. After the closing of the jail in 1963, orchards created by members of the former military guard and later by members of the jail guards' family were forgotten.

Forty years later, they are being renovated by a salaried employee and many of our own contributors, thanks to financing from the Garden Conservancy and Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy. Many of Alcatraz Island's movies are in the news and pop scene, among them 1962: Enforcer (1976), The Book of Eli (2010), X-Men : The Last Status Enforcer (1976), The Book of Eli (2010), X-Men : The Last Status (2006), The Rock Enforcer (1976), The Book of Eli (2010), X-Men : The Last Status Enforcer (1976), The Book of Eli (2010), X-Men : The Last Status (2006), The Rock (1996), The Enforcer in the First (1995), Escape from Alcatraz (1979), The Birdman of Alcatraz (1962) et J. Abrams' Fernsehserie Alcatraz 2012 de J. J. Abrams.

It' also included as a play-able circuit in the 1996 San Francisco Rush: Extrem Race epic series. It has also been shown in many post-apocalyptic films, such as The Book of Eli, often as a safety haven or operational basis. In the sequel "Bird Mummy of Alcatraz" Alcatraz can be seen in the children's programme Mummies Alive! and in a quest in the videogame Watch Dogs 2.

The Escapists also includes Alcatraz as a downloaded card. lcatraz will also be included in the forthcoming Call of Duty: Black Ops IIII's bloody of the dead videogame. The Alcatraz Utility House and power station chimney, constructed in 1939. View of the two long sides of the isle.

The Harbour Guard lighthouse of Alkatraz Island. Panoramic views from the western part of the island Avatraz. From the excursion boats you can see alcoholraz. Skip up to: a d e "Alcatraz Island". Accessed August 20, 2009. Skip up to: a d e d National Park Service (2007-01-23). "The National Registry Information System". A national register of historical sites.

The National Park Administration. Skip up to: a bar "Alcatraz Island". The National Historic Landmark Abstract. The National Park Administration. Accessed October 22, 2007. Highjump ^ Odier, Odier (1982). It' a story of Alcatraz: Fort / Prison. Skip up to: a d e f gh h in " This Is An Alcatraz Documentary (Part 1)".

Accessed August 30, 2012. Skip up ^ "Alcatraz Island". High up ^ "The March of Portolá and the Logbook of San Carlos - Zoeth S. Eldredge & E. J. Molera - Logbook of San Carlos". Archiveed from the orginal on February 13, 2011. Accessed January 24, 2011. Skip up ^ "The story of Alcatraz Island".

Accessed January 24, 2011. Jumping up ^ "History: Accessed January 24, 2011. Skip up to: a d e "BOP: Alcatraz". Archiveed from the orginal on January 9, 2011. Accessed January 24, 2011. Leap up ^ "Alcatraz Island - Culture & Histories (U.S. National Park Service)". Archiveed from the orginal on 28 February 2011.

Accessed January 24, 2011. Leap up ^ Auguste Duhaut-Cilly (1999). In 1826-1829 a journey to California, the Sandwich Islands and around the world. The University of California Press. p. 284. High jumping ^ The Rock (1915). "Alcatraz Island Brief History". improvement-fund, Pacific Branch United States Discount Barracks, Alcatraz, Kalifornien.

January 1: 3. skip ^ "Full text of "The John Charles Frémont Expeditions"". Accessed January 24, 2011. Skip up to: a bar "Famous Hauntings". Archives from the orginal on 12 January 2013. Accessed January 24, 2011. Leap up ^ "h2g2 - Alcatraz, San Francisco, California, USA".

Accessed January 24, 2011. Jumping up to: a s " Alcatraz-World War II in the San Francisco Bay Area: National Register of Historic Places Itinerary". Accessed January 24, 2011. Skip up to: a c c Hannings, Bud (March 2005). Skip up ^ "Historical posts, camps, train stations and airports:

Mail on the island Alcatraz". Archiveed from the orginal on February 6, 2011. Accessed January 24, 2011. Leap up ^ Alcatraz Preservation Project: Brochure : Brochure, Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy, 2003. The Hopis in Arizona, who handed over a group of men to the army instead of giving up their kids of their own free will, were the most distressing history of opposition to assembly programmes and schoolmasters.

Hopi men sat in the Alcatraz State Penitentiary. Highjump ^ Oliver, Marilyn Tower (1998). in Alcatraz Jail in America-Hilstory. Leap up ^ "For distressed or irredeemable types United States Fed. Penitentiary Alcatraz". Alcatraz Island Story, 1847-1972, Historical Resource Study. Accessed September 6, 2012. Skip up ^ "Alcatraz Escape Attempts".

Accessed January 24, 2011. skip to the top ^ Oceans View Publisher. "Alcatraz in brief, p. 5." Accessed July 18, 2012. Leap up ^ Cast of Alcatraz, 29.11.1969. Leap up ^ Adams, Gerald D., Alcatraz proposal Highlights Wildlife Plan would open up more of the rock, San Francisco Inspector (July 27, 1993), News Section, p. A1.

Leap up ^ "Voters are considering turning Alcatraz into a centre of peace". Highjump ^ Locke, Michelle (February 2, 2008). "activist/activist wants to turn Alcatraz into a world centre of peace." Accessed January 24, 2011. Skip to top ^ "Elections and Results | KNTV Bay Area". Accessed January 24, 2011. High ^ "@Large Ai Weiwei on Alcatraz".

Hop up Levi, Ryan. "with irrational numbers & irrational long jail sentences." Hop up Andrews, David. A new exhibition of artworks in Avatraz investigates the "prison industry complex". An Archaeological Site of the Island of Alcatraz, 1847-1972" (PDF). The National Park Administration. "This is a brief story of the island of Alkatraz (continued in several editions)". improvement-fund, Pacific Branch United States Discount Barracks, Alkatraz, Kalifornien.

January 1: 3rd American Devil's Island holds the hardest prisoners - popular science (February 1935). "Letter Historical of Alcatraz" report on the 1962 Alcatraz getaway event - (from the FBI FOIA electronics room). Maps of Alcatraz - with marking images. Alcatraz: Disneyland in a jail.

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