Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada
The Alhambra and the Albaycín, which rise on two neighbouring mountains, make up the mediaeval part of Granada. Eastwards of the Alhambra castle and mansion are the splendid Generalife garden, the former country house of the Emire, who built this part of Spain in the thirteenth and fourteenth century.
Albaycín's neighbourhood is a wealth of Arab folk art with a harmonious blend of Andalucian tradition. East of the fortress and residence of the Alhambra are the beautiful gardens of the Generalife, an old country house of the Emirs, which built this part of Spain in the 13th and 14th centuries.
The Albaicín and the Alhambra form the mediaeval centre of Granada, which dominates the modern city, on two neighbouring hills. In the eastern part of the fortress and royal residence of the Alhambra are the beautiful gardens of the Generalife, the country house of the Emirs, which built this part of Spain in the 13th and 14th centuries.
The Alhambra and Generalife in Granada are artistic creations that testify to Islamic Spain of the 16th century. East of the Alhambra fortress are the beautiful gardens of Generalife, the former rural residence of the Emire, which built this part of Spain in the 13th and 14th centuries.
Alhambra estate, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada, is situated on two neighbouring mountains divided by the Darro stream. The Alhambra and the Albayzín make up the mediaeval part of the Granada area, where remnants of the old Arab neighborhood are preserved. They are two complementing reality and example of mediaeval towns: the Albayzín housing area and the Palatinate Alhambra.
Eastwards of the Alhambra Castle are the Generalife Garden, an example of a thirteenth and fourteenth century Emirs' farm. Alhambra is the only remaining Palatinate town of the Muslim age.
This is the best example of Nasrid artwork in its architectural and ornamental features. Generalife Garden and its market gardens are one of the few mediaeval areas of rural production. This palace was made possible by the watering technology in Al-Ándalus, which is well known in the Alhambra and the Generalife and whose technical features were known and investigated by archeologists.
It is a true city system that integrates architectural and scenic elements and expands its impact in the environment with the addition of parks and distinctive hydraulics infrastructure. Albayzín housing area, which is the source of the city of Granada, is a wealth y heritage of Moorish architectural and architectural design, in which Nazrid structures and structures of traditional Christianity exist in harmony.
A large part of its importance is to be found in the mediaeval city map with its small alleys and small plazas and in the relatively humble Arab and Andrew buildings that line it. Today it is one of the best examples of Muslim urbanism, enhanced with the contribution of the Spanish Renaissance and Baroque Christians to the Muslim architecture of the city.
Both the Alhambra and the Generalife contain all the known art forms of the Hispano-Muslim era, using a system of proportionality in which all decoration and structural development is carried out, highlighting the esthetic value of the smart use of the waters and grass. Since 1492, together with this traditions, the royal house has had the most progressive suggestions in relation to palatial and political arquitecture and the visual art of the West humanist movement.
Albayzín is the best conserved example of a Hispano-Muslim town in southern Spain, especially during the Nasrid family. Albayzín, enhanced with the contribution of Christian Renaissance and Spanish Baroque civilization, is an extraordinary and harmonic mixture of two tradition that have a singular and particular shape and styles.
In the Alhambra and the Generalife, the evolution of the material used is exceptional, especially through the use of stucco, timber and ceramic as ornamental features. With the use of Arab epigraphics, structures have been turned into an architectural "speaking ensemble" whose content is linked to the Nasrid dynasty's religion, politics and poetry, conserved and enhanced by the best of the humanist and cutting-edge arts of the Spanish Renaissance.
Albayzín depicts a microscopic cosmos of what the Andalusian cultured splendor in Granada was from the beginnings in the Zirid dynasty to the splendor of the Nasrid dynasty. Its great scholarly know-how and folk traditions - as well as its food and sanitation - attest to the grandeur of this high civilization, which affected the following Albayzin civilizations hundreds of years later.
Alhambra and Generalife testify to Muslim Spain in the thirteenth and fifteenth century. These are a notable example of the Palatinate residencies of mediaeval Islam, which were neither damaged nor altered by the ups and downs of the times, as the Maghreb was. Albayzín's architectural and cityscape is the most noteworthy example of the preservation of Andalusian civilization in our age.
This is testimony to the mediaeval Muslim village, which was not altered after the invasion when it was adjusted to the way of living of Christians. It is a remarkable example of a Muslim city of the Nasrid family, which dates back to the popular urban design of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
In many ways, the labeled parts complement each other and make up a cohesive whole. Albayzín is in remarkable preservation and preserves its natural living characteristics, the fruit of the wealth of Moorish architectural richness, which is in harmony with features of grandian architectural tradition and secularity. Urban design in the nineteenth and first half of the twentieth centuries took this wealth of heritage as a pratical foundation and combined it with other characteristic features of the time.
Thus, the architectural complex of sacred buildings is fully in tune with the remains of the farmhouse and the townscape of the old Nasrid district, making the Albayzín of the 21st centr. cent. a singular culturality. From its concept as a Palatinate town, its architectural style began with a system of proportionality that followed the principle of room layout, no exteriorisation and the typically acclimatised shaping of Muslim cultur.
In the nineteenth and eighteenth centuries, some restorative techniques influenced these features, although in the 1930s academic intervention remarkably rectified these effects and the key features in shape, material and colour remained almost unchanged. Alhambra, and in particular Generalife, combines the Muslim horticultural traditions, the esthetic use of waters and parks for manufacturing and maintenance, with one of the oldest patches of terraces in Europe.
Its streets and Hispano-Muslim cityscape show the Albayzín district's authentically and preserve some of the most important architectonic mileposts. They are conceived to supersede as far as possible the outward appearances of our times, which have tended to invalidate the perfection of the Muslim tradition that has remained intact over the course of the ages, but is constantly subject to the irrevocable changes of fashion.
Its origins are important for understanding the area' s moors. With regard to architectonic productions, it means adapting the Nasrid techniques to the types of monasteries, churches and homes of Christians, which co-exist with the wealth of Muslims' structures (walls, gateways, homes and fortresses, common bathrooms, reservoirs, bridges, clinics).
Albayzín's so-called "indigenous Muslim architecture" becomes a tangible and identifiable expression of this group. Legislative Decree 186/2003 of 24 June, extending the boundaries of the historic town of Granada, designated an art and historic site by the Royal Decree of 5 December 1929. Furthermore, the historic town of Granada is designated as a BIC (Cultural Interest Property), the highest level of property conservation granted by local and state law.
The above decrees recognize the identities and units of the Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, since they constitute two of the four areas in which the historic city of Granada is part of. Decret 107/2004 of 23 March 2004 declaring the Alhambra and the Generalife cultural heritage in the monument categories.
It is managed by the Alhambra Council and the Generalife, an independent institution comprising a Plenum, a Permanent Commission, a Directorate General and a Technical Commission, and by the Albayzín Municipal Foundation, an independent organ of the City Hall of Granada, which is responsible for World Heritage activities in cooperation with other REC.
Alhambra's roadmap contains a thorough assessment of the current, medium and long-term managerial challenge. Albayzín World Heritage Site's executive board plan faces similar problems, such as economical developments, demographics, accessibility, tourist support, the system of emergencies and evacuations, a color map or the administration of planning permission.
The Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín have the plan for special protection and internal reform (1989 and 1990 respectively). To improve decision-making and better address growing issues and mitigate the risks of land-use pressures, all design instruments need a continuous monitoring and update cycle.
The Alhambra and the Generalife, Granada, are extended to the Albayzin district.