African Youth UnionAUJU
Approximately 65% of Africa's entire African populace are under 35 years of age and more than 35% are between 15 and 35 years of age. This makes Africa the most young of continents. Around 10 million young African youths enter the job markets every year. Numerous youth empowerment programmes across Africa are helping to create a network of educated young people who are changing their life and that of their environment to create a better Africa.
The African Union Heads of State and Government approved the African Youth Charter (AYC) in Banjul, Gambia, in July 2006. It is a policy and legislative instrument that provides a policy context for the strengthening and developing of youth at continent, region and country level.
Pan-African Youth Union after the election crisis: An occasional goodbye to you?
Let me state right from the start that the rifts in the Pan-African Youth Union (PYU) did not develop and did not start with the recent election. Supposedly fake ballots are a symptom of deep-seated organisational and managerial shortcomings and shortcomings in the PYU. As a result of the PYU "Congress" in December 2017, the focus has once again been placed on the current challenges of structural and consistent mobilisation of young people in Africa.
Having followed the alleged election carefully and held consultation with various youth organisations and youth leaders, the African Union issued a declaration on 19 January 2018 in which it distanced itself from the PYU election and stated unequivocally that it would not recognize the new PYU leader who had been voted at the controversial congress in December 2017 in Khartoum, Sudan.
Prior to the vote, the mass social press was flooded by appeals from several National Youth Council members for not accepting formal invitation to attend the congress. Accusations of intimidating and disqualifying the candidate countries means that the allegedly new leaders faced a difficult challenge that justified the legality of the poll.
Formerly known as the Pan African Youth Movement (PYM), the Pan African Youth Union (PYU) was born out of the need for a co-ordinated European youth vote and representation in the decolonization battles of the sixties. Indeed, the founding of PYM in Guinea, Conakry, in 1962 precedes the Organization of African Unity (OAU).
PYM was founded to sensitize, inform and mobilize African youth to free the African nation from all kinds of alien rule and to achieve economical and societal autonomy as well as to achieve a culture of spiritual recolonization and recolonization. Indeed, there was an important youth office at the moment, and it was thoughtfully designed to promote the decolonisation policy agendas.
Today, however, continent specific issues are very different and increasingly complicated. Therefore, it would have been expected, of course, that PYU would have approached these issues with much more sensitivity and long-term vision, which meet the requirements of the youth. Before the 2003 Congress, very little was said about the Pan-African Youth Festival in Tunis in 1993.
A number of activities were launched between 1994 and early 2000, among them the African Youth Network sponsored by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA). The OAU organized the African Conference on Youth and Development in 1996 with a motion recommending a series of activities, such as the bi-annual youth conference, youth creativity awards and, unexpectedly, a youth fund!
In January 2006, ten years later, a gathering of youth specialists was organised to examine the design of the African Youth Charter and the Pan-African Youth Federation. Authors were so assertive that they had suggested a federation of youth parliament, executive, congress and secretariat. His recent assertions that he is committed to the creation of an African Youth Fund are hardly ever his new notion.
In 1996, as already mentioned, the AU meeting decided on the funds at ago?-?there for one year. PYU has yet to contribute to solving this issue by giving clear orientation and clarification about the funds and their use.
The PYU has not evolved in many ways and without necessarily blaming the present PYU leaders, despite several efforts. There is no ability to take the lead in youth matters. It has proven that it is not able to move with the time and become an impressive ?even
Thus its memberships still largely revolve around the national youth councils, which in many cases are doomed to death and inoperative. Wherever they are present, they are largely managed by "youth workers". The National Youth Council has more than 10 governors in a particular state, each of whom claims to be the rightful leaders.
The fourth waven of "youthivism" - it is horrifying to see that in a Europe that has seen what some of them have seen - - it is largely made up of ad hoc youth governance arrangements put together by youngsters, to demand a better role in decision-making on questions that concern them. Where is the PYU's vote on immigration right now, especially since the endangered youth are still making insecure voyages across the oceans and desert for a non-existent Eldorado in the West?
What is the PYU's role in the question of illegal funding streams from the European Union and how these funds rob young people of the honour that could be to their advantage? Briefly looking at the organisation's website will uncover some of the shortcomings of its governance. The PYU would be the "To-Go" organisation for all the needs of young people on the African continent in gentler areas.
The last Congress, and the crises it has triggered, are thus an occasion for all well-meaning Africans, especially young Africans, to show the kind of leaders they long for on the African continent. Therefore, it is an important step forward for all Africans. How useful is it to work for the inclusion of young peoples in government if there are no signs of transformational youth management in one's own structure!
Towards a lasting transformation in Africa". Whilst the focus will be on fiscal and illegal tendencies from the African Union, the focus will also be on the issue of police and judicial corruption, which deprives the African Union of its transformational governance. The African Union's distinction from the PYU and the non-recognition of those who act as its leader are necessary first moves.
The AUC should set up a Caretaker Committee to help midwives in a trustworthy transition that will lead to the choice of reliable leaders for the PYU. The Caretaker Committee must engage in continent-wide stakeholder consultation to redefine the scope and working methodologies and draw up a policy agenda for the PYU.
It should also help revise the PYU Statutes to tackle the challenge of representativeness, equality and inclusion of different youth groups and retention of sovereignty. It must be seen as an important part of Agenda 2063 efforts, particularly in line with the ten-year period devoted to the use of the population dividends through investment in youth.
Caretaker Committee must be chaired by an AU Commission Representative, composed of members from trustworthy national youth organisations, other trustworthy youth theme networks, AU human resources, science and technology departments, political affairs, legal advisors and private sector, media and other professions necessary for PYU institution-building.
The PYU's leadership challenge must be addressed through a continent-wide initiative to promote reform of youth councils at country levels. Furthermore, on the basis of a predetermined categorisation, memberships must be open to thematically orientated and professionally engaged youth organizations in order to widen the PYU's member basis and promote sound competitions among members.
Particularly needy and under-reached youth groups must be taken into account. Over the years, the programmatical orientation of the ideas that lead to the foundation of the Pan-African Youth Movement - ?has -Movement - - has - has strongly evolved. PYU leaders must formulate a clear diary and win over the youth of Africa.
The PYU, even at a junior level in Africa facing unparalleled employment problems, cannot point to a large scale interventions to help it in this respect across the entire African Union. The PYU must devise a clear program of actions to help strengthen and promote youth at local, state, and European level.
What can we do to document youth activities on our continent that contribute to achieving these goals? The new working method must focus on promoting partnerships between the various groups and on strengthening and developing young people. There is no way of establishing a youth empire and being seen as the only authentic voices for Africa's youth.
What is beautiful about a democratic system is that it grants the right of unification to every single person, and the PYU must play a guiding role in promoting the credibility of youth votes, working together and being an effective one. If the PYU itself is perceived as a leader, the anxiety of kidnapping or irrelevancy becomes reality!
It is even more radical that the present state of affairs may have provided an occasion to further delay the framework for strengthening youth and developing Africa. Apart from a smooth web site for the AU, PYU is giving some appreciation within the AU, this is the AU's moment to think about setting up a youth body. The PYU can consider becoming an AU body, just like Ecosoc with a secretariat (hopefully the Youth Department will become a directorate and will then have a department that will be accountable for it), which will be accountable for its daily programme planning, while its elect officers can concentrate on policy commitment and intercession, which its leaders have promised a lot over the years.
Indeed, the AU will pave the way for the UN, where Nigeria is currently calling for the establishment of a UN Youth Agency. There is already a Directorate for Gender, which deals, among other things, with women's affairs, and a body for children. It is now the right moment to convene the AU Youth Commission!
Finally, this should be a time of self-observation for those who see the PYU as a real youth leaders' forum. I hope that the present leaders will come from their high steed and look in the back. In a way, the pretence that they have can be used to call for a form of reforms that will help the more than 800 million young Africans they allegedly represents.
The AUC's present stance of defensively or intimidating the AUC, as the present PYU leaders are trying to do by rejecting the AU stance, will not solve the present debt. The PYU leaders must have the necessary credentials, readiness and capacity. It is a period to make it clear that PYU is for the youth of Africa and not for a few.
This is a morally responsible task and an example of his youth work.