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Ten things you should know about Myanmar's strategic environmental assessment
The SEA Final Report, which is distributed among a wide range of people - from non-governmental and civic organisations to members of the personal sectors - is the highlight of one and a half years of research, GIS cartography and engagement across Myanmar. Based on stakeholders' opinions, suggestions and suggestions, the SEA provides a deep appreciation of the importance of Myanmar's ecological and societal assets and the country's dependence on the river's natural resource base.
These are 10 things you should know about the SEA before you review the final report draft: 1 ) The SEA is non-regulatory and is not supposed to be the only report on Myanmar's hydro industry. SEA is a first move to promote the sustainable development of the hydro industry in Myanmar.
The project pursues a basins policy with the objective of identifying the main ecological and societal assets and the hazards of hydroelectric power at the level of the basins and sub-basins. On the basis of the available information at the date, the SEA makes suggestions on how to reconcile the government's need to cover some of its power needs, partly from hydroelectric power, with ecological and societal assets that can be reconciled by those who depend on Myanmar's huge rivers.
SEAs are not meant to substitute for environmental impact assessments at individual projects or to supply information in detail on the spot. The aim is to give comprehensive basic information, sub-basin assessments and prospects of the Kyrgyz population on the main Myanmar reservoirs and sub-basins in order to enhance nationwide design, location of hydroelectric projects and policy-making. 3 ) The SEA is recommending that the main Myanmar watercourses be reserved.
During the SEA, the stakeholder community learnt about the environmental singularity and value of Myanmar's major river basins. The main flows are crucial for maintaining the pool's process and function and can also affect other areas such as deltas and coastlines. SEA does not recommend developing any hydroelectric power plants in Myanmar.
4 ) The SEA has drawn up river basins strategies to promote the sustainable nature of the river basins. Eight land-use planning schemes contain advice for the design of sub-basins for the governments, builders and others with clear information on the areas designated as high, medium or lowlands. It establishes a equilibrium between the areas designated for preservation or preservation and the areas designated for land-use and naturalisation.
5 ) "Low, middle and high area partial basins" do not mean "go directly, act with care and stop the development". Stringent hydroelectric power constraints are suggested for high areas to make sure that these catchment areas maintain the identifiable nature assets, jacking pool operations and/or are one-of-a-kind or representational for these areas for assets that are in decay and need to be protected.
It can be achieved by reviewing smaller, less burdensome catchment areas for further evaluation to see whether they should be continued. There may be potentially appropriate mid- and low zone developments that should be subjected to appropriate site, draft, operational and EIAs.
If there is a dispute, however, a dispute sensibility assessment should be carried out and approached with care. 7 ) The dispute is recognised as a significant obstacle to the hydroelectric power industry. Where the forerunners of war are present, the potential for aggravating the situation may arise from the emergence of hydroelectric power. Therefore, early recognition and assessment of the conflicting state of an area suggested for a hydroelectric power plant is indispensable.
Conflicts should be identified to allow sound decision making on whether and how a particular projects should be implemented. At the same time, some interest groups were interested in examining whether hydroelectric power could help consolidate peacemaking at some sites by creating benefit-sharing schemes. Throughout the SEA cycle, a variety of prospects for ecological and societal value, economical growth and hydroelectric power were discuss.
Because of conflicts and a heritage of mistrust, many stakeholder groups do not back major missions. Others call for more transparency in the process and, if hydroelectric power is to be expanded, it should be better located, smaller, state of the arte and in line with global industrial practice. Other people see hydroelectric power as a possible part of the overall power supply if it is used properly.
Whilst the definitive SEA reports will be produced in English and Myanmar, the Summary Reports will be translate into ethical language to extend the scope of the reports to include community groups. 10 ) The SEA is promoting a new way of addressing Myanmar's hydro power. In order to better control risk and reduce the ecological and societal impact, designers and designers need to rethink their approaches to the expansion of hydroelectric power.
SEA suggests to move away from the business-as-usual paradigm of technical and commercial viability and to consider the ecological, societal and accumulative effects as early as possible in order to achieve a balance in the hydroelectric power sector. Currently, only 14% of Myanmar's catchment areas are hydroelectric-powered. It is possible to maintain free flow flows of water, to create others and to achieve lasting results by implementing the SDS.
More information on Myanmar's strategic environmental assessment of the hydropower sector can be found on the SEA Resources page.