About Myanmar CountryOver Myanmar country
A few important facts
On this website you will find extensive and up-to-date information about traveling in Myanmar, what you can see and where to go. In this section you will gain an insight into the story of this intriguing and rapidly evolving state. Burma is a 676,578 sq km (about the area of France) with 52 million inhabitants.
They are made up of a conspicuous number of different ethnical groups, among them Bamar/Burmese (by far the most), Shan, Karen, Kachin, Chin, Mon, Han Chinese and Indians, to name but a few. Myanmar's capital moves are in keeping with the traditions of change and regeneration - the nation has had many capital cities over the years, such as Mandalay, Inwa and Mrauk U, to name but a few.
Burma or Myanmar? Myanmar is the Republic of Myanmar. 1989 the name was change from Burma to Myanmar. They are both taken from the vast majority of the indigenous population, Bamar - Myanmar is the informal, literary concept, and Burma the common, vernacular concept.
This is because the amendment was made by an un-elected army rule without consultation with the population. Aung San Suu Kyi's governing National League for Democracy Party uses both "Myanmar" and "Burma" under today's more prestigious system; in a April 2016 address to international embassadors, Aung San Suu Kyi said she would use both titles only "Burma" after many years.
Burma continues to be used by the government of nations such as the US and the UK, but Myanmar is used in most global newspapers; it is used by the United Nations; and generally when traveling around the countryside, people use Myanmar when they speak to other people out there.
This is why "Myanmar" is used on this website. Myanmar's large number of ethnical groups or nations and the constant change of capitals reflects a tumultuous past. Myanmar was governed by a number of rival ruling junta groups from the eleventh to the end of the nineteenth centuries, the most prosperous and expansive of which dominated not only Myanmar, but much of what is now Thailand and Laos, as well as parts of India and China.
Myanmar's rugged Irrawaddy River is surrounded by rolling countryside and mountain ranges that have protected it from external attack for years. They were not enough to stop the rise of the British Empire, which Myanmar made in the nineteenth and nineteenth century. During World War II, Myanmar became a battlefield between the troops of Japan and the Allies, and large parts of the land were wasted.
But after a long fight, Myanmar achieved sovereignty in 1948 - not least thanks to the resolve of General (or Bogyoke, in Burmese) Aung San, who was assassinated just a few month before his dreams of becoming a rival came true. One of the reasons the army has justified its grasp of steel for so long is the ongoing ethnical insurgency in Myanmar since the end of the Second World War.
Different nations in the frontier areas were fighting with the British during the Iranian and Japanese wars against the Bamar minority, which together with the marginalization of the nations by the main powers led to the longest ever civilian conflict in the paratroop. Until today, in some areas of Myanmar, violent acts continue and accessibility to the frontier areas is limited - to learn more about travelling in these areas, moving around Myanmar and getting to and from the country.
These changes have been accompanied by the establishment of labour organisations, the release of many imprisoned politicians, greater freedoms of the press and the re-establishment of dialog with nationalities. Despite the country's continuing suffering from impoverishment and conflicts, the lifting of Myanmar's global penalties and the freedoms of the parliamentary elections promise a better tomorrow that the people so deserve.
Burma has a profound savoir-faire for friendliness and friendliness - most visitors are impressed by the cordial and inviting manner of the natives, who often like to ask and make fellows. Whether they take part in one of the hundred festivities that take place all year round around the nation, or watch a soccer match, everyone likes an exuberant community meeting to raise their mood.
Theravadan Buddhism is the most widely spread in Myanmar and has a great part to play in Myanmar's social and political world. The majority of young men and women spent most of their free times in monasterial upbringing, and several hundred thousand of them are friars and sisters. Piagodas (religious monuments) can also be found on many streets, riverbanks, towns as well as in the countryside; they are key to city living, with shops and other shops that are sometimes constructed in their entrances.
Christianity is watched with great devotion outside the most important ethnical areas of the people of Burma, especially in parts of the Kachin, Karen and Chin states. US Missionary workers play a major role in the conversion of former animistic natives in the latter part of the nineteenth and early twentieth century, and animistic aspects continue to be part of these civilizations. Islamic and Hinduism are also practised in Myanmar, especially by indigenous people, and there is a temple throughout the land - especially in Yangon.
Superstitiousness is obvious in Myanmar civilization, although it is often downplayed. A number of folks are consulting astrogists about their own choices and businesses, and it is said that the site of the new capitol, Nay Pyi Taw, was chosen on the recommendation of astrogists. Myanmar's dress traditionally differs throughout the entire nation, but a basic foodstuff is the long-gyi (sarong), which is used by both men and woman.
See Traveling responsibly in Myanmar, culture and adaptation to Myanmar and activities for more information. Myanmar is a poverty-stricken nation as a consequence of decade-long isolations and mismanagement - according to the World Bank, the ordinary citizen makes only $1,203 per year. Burma is generally free from slum areas such as Africa and India, and the rate of criminality (especially towards foreigners) is very low, but the shortage of growth is evident in everything from the shortage of ATM and cell phone machines to the creaky traffic infrastructures, especially in the countryside.
In addition, high-level bribery and frozen interests are prevalent; Myanmar is suffering from the HIV/AIDS epidemic, with some of the highest HIV/AIDS incidence in Asia; there is still a high rate of forced labor, particularly in the military; and illicit drugs manufacturing (and use) is prevalent in frontier areas. Located between the rising behemoths of India and China and abundant in nature's resource (including methane, petroleum, teak and precious stones), Myanmar is drawing increasing swath.
It has come a long way in a relatively little while, but a journey to Myanmar is truly something special - a way to encounter some of the world's most profoundly spiritual as well as some of the friendliest; to enjoy a variety of historic and culture pleasures; and to see an utterly breathtaking landscape, from the northern Himalayas to the Gulf of Bengalbeach.
For more information about places around Myanmar, go to the tourist attractions. As things are rapidly moving in Myanmar, this website is constantly updating with the latest information on travelling and accommodations. If you want to receive impartial scrolling information about Myanmar, please visit these websites: Myanmar's story is enlightening and nicely told, covering everything from the old empires to Britain's Colonies and the subsequent violent army regime.
An indispensable read if you really want to comprehend how the land has come to the present state. Posted by Aung San Suu Kyi when she was released from home detention for several years in the mid-1990s, this volume provides a one-of-a-kind glimpse into the cultures and lifestyles of the Myanmar population, their heroic deeds and the pain they have endured.
It is a reminder of a profoundly religious education of Padaung in the Kayah state and the ensuing revolt of the 1988 students' revolt against the country and provides a singular view of Myanmar's many years of clan living and war. An annihilating and gruesome look at the last few era of the colonisation of northern Myanmar.
Beautifully enlightening and fun to read, these booklets follow the same trip through Europe and Asia in 1975 and 2008 and contain some charming passages about Myanmar, with a description of one of the most scenic rail travels in the underworld. Enchanting Myanmar offers a nice photo gallery if you are looking for a souvenir or something for the couchetable - all taken especially for this atlas.
In Myanmar, eating has so often been wrongly rejected in comparison to the international kitchen of its neighbors. Delicious Myanmar explores this area, which has seldom before.