sspan class="mw-headline" id="Géographie">Géographie
"Abidjan District, acteur de développement" Abidjan (French pronunciation: [abid???]) is the economical capitol of Côte d'Ivoire and one of the most populated French-speaking towns in Africa. The 2014 Abidjan Ivory Coast count shows a total of 4.7 million inhabitants, 20 per cent of the country's total inhabitants, making it the 4th largest African town after Lagos, Cairo and Kinshasa.
Abidjan, a West African hub of culture, is characterized by a high degree of industrialization and urbanization. Following France's liberation in 1960, Abidjan stayed the main town of Côte d'Ivoire. When the Vridi Canal was completed in 1951, Abidjan became an important seaport. 1983 the Ayuntamiento of Yamoussoukro was declared the Ivory Coast's officially elected policy capital.
In Abidjan, however, there are still almost all kinds of government bodies and diplomatic missions. Since Abidjan is also the biggest town of the land and the center of its economical activities, it was formally called the "economic capital" of the state. Abidjan is one of the 14 autonomous boroughs of Côte d'Ivoire. It includes the town and some of its outskirts.
According to the Köppen climatic rating, Abidjan enjoys a humid and arid temperate environment (Aw). The Abidjan has non consecutive rain periods (rainfall over 60 millimeters) with a long rain period from March to July and a brief rain period from September to December and three arid month (January, February and August).
In Abidjan there are two extra drying periods (January and February). The Abidjan is generally moist, with an annual mean RH of over 80%. The Abidjan consists of the north Abidjan and the south Abidjan. The Abobo has a large populace of low-income immigrants. Adjame evolved from the Ébrié hamlet, which was in existence before the development of Abidjan.
There is a diverse commercial area and its coach terminal is the most important junction for coach connections in the Ivory Coast. The Yopougon is the most densely populated municipality of Abidjan, situated partially in northern Abidjan and partially in the southern Abidjan Lakes. Côte d'Ivoire's government and administration headquarters were moved formally to Yamoussoukro in 1983, but the Republic's institutional structure, the presidency and the National Assembly are still on the plateau.
This municipality, where the county is located, also houses the President of the Republic. Since 1950 Vridi has been the most important centre of Abidjan's labour force due to the growing number of plants and storage facilities. In this municipality there is the autonomous port of Abidjan and many shops.
You can also visit the Treichville State Shopping Pools (PET), the Treichville Sport Park, the Treichville Culture Park and the Abidjan Race Track. Cities near Abidjan range from Jacqueville, Grand-Lahou and Dabou in the western part, Sikensi, Tiassalé, Agboville, Adzopé and Alépé in the northern part and Grand-Bassam in the eastern part. Anyama, Bingerville, Brofodoumé and Songon are cities (or sub-prefectures) within the department of Abidjan, which coexists with the autonomic area.
Orally, according to the Shaman's narrative, as narrated in the Encyclopedic Dictionary of Côte d'Ivoire, the name "Abidjan" results from a miscommunication. "The discoverer, who thought his query had been replied to, noted the name of the locality schema as Abidjan. The Abidjan was a small fishermen' town of Atchan. By 1896, after a succession of fatal episodes of yellowness, the settlers who had set up in Grand-Bassam in France moved to a more secure place, and in 1898 they had chosen the present Abidjan site.
Bingerville became the capitol of the former France from 1900 to 1934. Abidjan, the next Abidjan, lying on the outskirts of the n'doupé lake ("the lake in the warm water"), provided more space and greater possibilities for expanding it. By 1904 the end point of the railway was in the area of Port-Bouet of Abidjan.
From 1904, when Bingerville was not yet completed, Abidjan became the most important commercial centre of the Côte d'Ivoire settlement and the most important distribution route for goods in the inland of Europe, particularly through the increasingly important Albanian population. In 1924 Henri de Fougères (fr) became supreme commander of the French Sudan and stayed supreme until his demise in 1931.
Abidjan's one of the major roads still carries his name today. In 1931, for the first times address for the roads of Abidjan began to be given. In 1934 Abidjan became the third Ivory Coast capitol after Grand-Bassam and Bingerville by decrees. To the south of the Plateaudistrict (the present Abidjan region ) the settlement of Dugbeo was transferred across the Laguna to Anoumabo, "the wood of orange bats", which became the Treichville quarter (today Commikro, town of employees).
As of the eighties, Abidjan's assets sank due to civil servant carelessness, as well as due to bribery and general deterioration. Abidjan, formerly administered by the former France Coalition, became a commune in 1956, subdivided into districts by the lagoon. Following the candidacy of this new organisation, Dioulo Emmanuel was appointed Abidjan Governor on 30 November 1980.
The Abidjan Regional Authority was founded in 2011 by a decrees introducing a system on the basis of municipalities and regional authorities. At the same time, the independent region intersects with the Abidjan department, founded in 1969 and located at its present borders since 1998. During 2011 the office of the Mayor of Abidjan was substituted by that of the Governor of the Region nominated by the President of the Republic.
Since 2011, the post has been filled by Robert Beugré Mambé. 23 ] Each of the ten municipalities of Abidjan has its own local government committee, which is led by a canon. Last local government election took place in March 2001. Subprefectures of the Okrug also have their own magistrates and councillors.
Abobo, Adjamé, Attécoubé, Cocody and Plateau are municipalities situated just off the Ébrié Lake (hence the name "Abidjan North"). It is the continent part of Abidjan. Treichville, Koumassi, Marcory and Port-Bouet in Abidjan are municipalities situated just to the south of the Laguna. Abidjan is home to the University of Abidjan (1958), Universities of Applied Sciences, the Ivory Coast State Library and the Ivory Coast Regional Museums.
Abidjan's attractions are St. Paul's Cathedral, Aldo Spirito's design, the Cocody Municipal Museum of Contemporary Art and the Parc du Banco Rain Forest Reservation. It' the Abidjan shopping mall. In the Plateau quarter there are also many different types of bank. Abidjan is still the seat of the Côte d'Ivoire governing institution and has not been moved to the country's main city, Yamoussoukro.
During Laurent Gbagbo's chairmanship (2000-11), an effort was made to implement the Côte d'Ivoire development of the country's main city, Yamoussoukro. Governments can be found in Le Plateau in Abidjan County, Boulevard Carde or Angoulvant Boulevard (near St. Paul of Abidjan Cathedral) or elsewhere in the city's large monuments.
Pierre Laba's 2007 comedy Permanent Danger investigated the laxness of policemen against outlaws in large urban areas in Africa, especially Abidjan. The Abidjan is subdivided into boroughs, each of which has a policestation. While the American embassy is in Côte d'Ivoire, the ADB  relocated for a while to Tunisia, Africa's biggest finance institute.
And Abidjan is with sisters: Jean-Bédel Bokassa fled to Abidjan in the eighties after losing control of the Central African Republic. Abidjan's total populace at the 2014 Cadensus was 4,707,404. The Abidjan Metro region had 5,060,858 residents in 2006. These increases are due to the war-related expulsion since September 2002.
Until 1950 Abidjan had only 50,000 inhabitants (end of 1948). By the end of 1975, with a total of one million inhabitants, the town had grown at a 10 to 12% per year pace, and doubled every six or seven years. Pre-1988 migratory movements led to a rise of some 80,000 Côte d'Ivoire nationals, of whom 50,000 came from within the country and some 30,000 from abroad per Côte d'Ivoire year.
Within Ivory Coast, the migratory patterns were Akan (southeast, 48%), then Mandé (northwest, 24%) and Krou (southwest, 20%). Among non-African migrations, Lebanese migrations were highest, followed by those in Europe, with the French being the biggest. Overall, non-Africans make up 3% of Abidjan's overall populace, which is still the highest in the area.
In 2006, the Abidjan region's total populace was 3,796,677 residents, while the Abidjan agglomeration had 5,060,858 people. The main reason for this growth was the September 2002 military conflict. The last nationwide referendum took place before 2014 in 1998. In May 2014 a new nationwide survey was carried out and the total resident figure for the town was 4,707,404.
Abidjan and Côte d'Ivoire have been the languages of France since the country gained autonomy. Whereas the main lingua franca is a standardised Parisian style of informal English, the most widely pronounced Abidjan style of English is a vernacular English, known as Treichville English or Moussa English, which is different from the main English style in its diction and part of its terminology.
A further type of French-speaking in Abidjan is Nouchi, a very casual variant used as a juvenile slangy. Dioula is the historic French language that is still pronounced and interpreted by most businessmen in Abidjan. More than thirty towns surround Abidjan, where Baoulé and Ébrié are still widespread.
Cocody also boasts many one-storey wood houses encircled by huge garden areas with luxuriant greenery fuelled by the torrential rainfall that populates the town. In this part of the town, richer residents built mansions in the style of ancient Greeks cemeteries. Abidjan's municipal grid is disturbed because its residents have doubled every seven years since 1945.
Ivory Coast Abidjan accounts for 45% of the city's inhabitants and 20% of the total Ivory Coast area. Abidjan's last traffic improvement in 1994 resulted in the restoration of certain streets in the country's main town. In May 2007, the Ageroute ( fr ) Road Management Agency in Abidjan and Anyama began large-scale road management missions in connection with severely injured streets affected by poor road upkeep, torrential rains and protest.
51 ] The district and BNETD are planning to redevelop and build 400 to 500 linear kilometers (640-800 kilometers) to provide them with a 15-20 -year lasting living standard. Among the enhancements are the remediation of Abidjan and Anyama streets, the building of sewer systems, the tarmac surfacing of dirt road and the remediation of the town through the building of canals.
In Cocody, for 3 billion CFA Swiss Franc, the rebuilding of the Corniche, one of the liveliest streets in the town. The city of Abidjan is the most important French finance centre in West Africa. BRVM (West African Securities Exchange) is based in Abidjan.
The city of Abidjan is home to all exponents of major global finance institutions: 16 central bank (SGBCI, BICI, etc.) with a net of 170 branch offices, seven finance institutes and more than thirty insurers make Abidjan a financially viable Abidjan that revitalizes the whole of West Africa. The SOTRA ( Abidjan Transport Company ) provides city transport in Abidjan by coach, cab and baggage line express.
There are several cobbled roads and avenues in the district connecting the cities between them and the district throughout the state. The Abidjan region has a net of municipal ring roads. It is also the gateway to the country's only motorway, connecting the town with the administration and politics of Yamoussoukro. Ivory Coast is located in the Franc Zone (where the CFA Franc is the currency) within the framework of the Economic and Monetary Union of Western Africa (WAEMU).
Ivory Coast and the whole Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso and Mali are the main economical centres of Abidjan, mainly because of its shallow docks. Abidjan's paved roads system (5,600 km in 1995 vs. 1,000 km in 1970), which cover the entire area, actually increase its harbour activities, as 50% of the shops from Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger use them.
Most of Abidjan's manufacturing activities are carried out in the region; the harbour alone accounts for 60% of the sector. In Abidjan, we have aspirations in offshore crude extraction and in particular in purification and sales. North Abidjan and South Abidjan, the two parts of the town, are completed by the bridge Houphouët-Boigny, Charles de Gaulle and Henri Konan Bédié.
Plans call for the deployment of infrastructure measures, among them an urban railway system in Abidjan, which is expected to be worth almost 100 billion CFA Swiss francs. Infrastructure works (tracks, electricity and construction engineers) were valued at 40 billion CFA French Francs and funded by the State of Côte d'Ivoire and donors (World Bank and French Agency for Development).
And Abidjan is a singular town in Africa. There are also Abidjan sandy areas around the Laguna, with palms and coco palms, in the Vridi area, which are very famous on the weekend, with the scenic view of needle punch and coco sales. In general, Ivory Coast has never really seen the development of the tourist sector as an industrial sector; the land is not exactly a shared tourist area.
It' one of the "little jobs" that Abidjan has. All in all, Abidjan's midnight scene is one of the most lively in Africa. County has a variety of nightclubs, macchia, outdoor areas and go-go pubs. Abidjan's midnight scene, which used to consist only of indigenous traditions, Congo folk songs and West African folk songs, has suffered a major break since the early 1990s with the advent of the Coupé Décalé.
Made in Côte d'Ivoire" has given it a worldwide recognisable culture throughout its history. Every year in Abidjan are organized filmfestivals: The Clap-Ivoire Festival, the Spanish Filmfestival, the Côte d'Ivoire National Filmfestival (FESNACI) - the first of which was organized in 2007, the Kurzfilmfestival (FIMA), which is organized since 1998 by Hanni Tchelley, the Abidjan Israeli Filmfestival; the 4th took place in 2006 at the Goethe-Institut.
Ibidjan is a hub for Westafrican folk culture and an important maker of folk arts in Africa. Ivory Coast draws the vast majority of Ivory Coast musicans, mainly because of its many dancing venues that allow performers to make their debuts and perform, as well as recording labels and local masses.
Below are some of the most beloved Abidjan performers who have made their debut: Alpha Blondy, Aïcha Koné, the group Magic System, Meiway and Tiken Jah Fakoly, as well as Gadji Celi, Chantal Taiba, Nayanka Bell, DJ Arafat. Miriam Makeba came to Abidjan in the 1980s when she was not permitted to return to her native South Africa, nor was the Congo diva Tshala Muana, Apostolic of the soucous dancing.
Abidjan has been exporting a considerable diversity of genres throughout Africa and the West since the 90s. And Abidjan is also the African regulatory power. The majority of the Côte d'Ivoire mainstream press is located in Abidjan. Côte d'Ivoire's National Audiovisual Communications Council (CNCA) is the regulatory body for audiovisual equipment.
RTI (Radiodiffusion Television Ivoirienne) is the Côte d'Ivoire public broadcaster and is funded by royalties, advertising and subsidies. Première (not specialised), TV2, RTI Music TV, RTI Sport TV, Côte d'Ivoire and Fréquence 2 (not specialised). Ivory Coast's most popular public service, Radios Jam, is a privately owned broadcaster and is most often heard by youngsters.
Tam-Tam TV will be the first international broadcaster in Côte d'Ivoire based in Abidjan, with additional offices in the USA, Italy, France, Asia and the Middle East. Ivory Coast also has several TV and radio broadcasters available on the Internet: Africahit, music TV, Abidjan. Net TV, Bengueshow, etc.
Abidjan.net, a web site based in California, USA, sends information about the town and the countryside all over the United States. In the organization "Global Village" Abidjan has a number of cybercafés, which grow exponentially, in 2007 there were 400,000 webbers. Abidjan24. net, the web site based in Abidjan on the Ivory Coast, sends information about the town and the countryside all over the canary.
"The Fairies ", the ceremony for Miss Côte d'Ivoire, Miss Abidjan District, Miss Christmas (for 6-11 year olds) and Miss Awoulaba (very respected). In addition, every year the Yéhé fashion show, a festival of contemporary Africa fashions, and the International Festival of Lingerie and Beauty of Abidjan (FILBA) take place. It is also the head office of the Ivory Coast's clothing stylists, known for being the best in Africa, such as Gilles Touré (designer for Miss Côte d'Ivoire) and even Pathéo.
Ivory Coast has various sport teams: Abidjan has a lot of different activities (basketball, track and field, hockey, hand ball, beach volley, etc.), as well as playing a lot ofccer. Mimosas ASEC, one of the country's premier club associations, is based in Abidjan. The Jeux d'Abidjan took place in Abidjan in 1964, as did the African Cup finals in 1975, 1980, 1983 and 1990, then in 1992 under the name CAF Confederations Cup.
Abidjan also hosted the final of the CAF Champions League in 1966, 1986, 1995 and 1998. Abidjan's most important game was the 1984 African Cup of Nations and one of the 1983 African Youth Cup final matches. Abidjan Basket Klub, Abidjanais Sports Club,ASEC Mimosas, Phénix Basket Klub de Cocody and Génération Basket-ball Klub (GBC), a new young volunteer team that wants to become sportsmen.
Côte d'Ivoire Cities Longitude & Latitude. Sphereinfo.com. Brought back on November 18, 2010. Skip up ^ "District d'Abidjan ::::: Returned on June 20, 2013. Skip up ^ "GeoHive". Archives from the Genuine on November 22, 2015. Skip up ^ "GNS: Country files". Archives from the orginal on 9 May 2011.
Returned on March 28, 2011. The Benguela Current. Returned on November 8, 2016. Climateboard d'Abidjan / Côte d'Ivoire" (PDF). Returned on November 8, 2016. Skip up ^ "STATION NUMBER 65578" (PDF). Archives from the source (PDF) on 16 January 2013. Returned on November 8, 2016. Skip up ^ "Abidjan Climate Guide, Cote D'Ivoire".
Returned on January 20, 2014. Skip up ^ "Abidjan climate and weather averages, Ivory Coast". Returned on January 20, 2014. Hop up ^ "Centre des Sciences Sociales". The IRD (in French). Archives from the orginal from December 7, 2008. Côte d'Ivoire Regions. Returned on March 28, 2011. Hop up to: a p d e d e f g Hoiberg, Dale H., ed.
"Abidjan." Hop up, "Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire (1903- ) The Black Past. Bounced 2016-12-01. Get up "Port of Abidjan". Bounced 2016-12-01. Leap up "Massive New US Embassy Opened in Côte d'Ivoire." Bounced 2016-12-01. Hop up, Pike, John. Bounced 2016-12-01. Skip up ^ The Associated Press (2004-11-12).
Bounced 2016-12-01. Ivory Coast muscleman Laurent Gbagbo arrested". Bounced 2016-12-01. Leap up ^ "Law n°56-619 of 23 June 1956: Leap up ^ Decree n 2011-263 of 28 September 2011 on the organization of territory in districts and regions. Hop up "Anciens Maires et Gouverneurs."
Abidjan. Skip up ^ "Article de Courrier International". March 24, 2011. Returned on March 28, 2011. Skip up ^ "UNOCI Background - United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire". www.un.org. Bounced 2016-12-01. Hop up ^ Keaten, Jamey. Bounced 2016-12-01. Leap high ^ "France says it will strengthen the armed services in Côte d'Ivoire as the area faces a mounting Islamic threat".
Bounced 2016-12-01. Leap frog Sie hoch ^ "Les force françaises en Côte d'Ivoire". www.defense.gouv.fr. Bounced 2016-12-01. Skip up ^ Brice, Arthur (September 21, 2009). Hop up "Accords et Traités". Returned on March 9, 2014. Hop up "UNOPS in Africa". Hop up, Cote D'Ivoire. Skip up ^ "Website of the United States Embassy".
Archives from the orginal on 10 April 2011. Returned on March 28, 2011. Hop up "La BAD". Archives from the originals on 28 September 2007. Returned on March 28, 2011. Leap up ^ (in French) Le français à Abidjan : A syntactic approach to the non-standard by Katja Ploog, CNRS Editions, Paris, 2002.
Leap up ^ (in French) "Moreover, French has also become the mother tongue of more than 30% of Libreville's inhabitants and is increasingly perceived as Gabonese. "Archived May 29, 2010, in the Wayback Machine. Skip up ^ "Strategies Education in the Emilieu Emigre De La Cote-D'Ivoire" (PDF).
Returned on March 9, 2014. Hop up "La Ville d'Abidjan: Population". Afrique Digital (in French). Archives from the originals on 28 September 2007. Ayewa, Noël Kouassi, hop up. "Côte d'Ivoire Scolarisation" (PDF) (in French). Archives from the source (PDF) 25 June 2007. Skip to top ^ "Site de l'ADFE".
Returned on March 28, 2011. Skip up ^ "Abidjan - Existing Skyscrapers". Returned on March 28, 2011. Leap up ^ "Urban Health: Signing an Agreement between China and Abidjan District". Abidjan. net (in French). Archives from the orginal from 27. September 2007. Leap high ^ ""ACTED: sustained accessibility to sanitary facilities in Côte d'Ivoire""".
Returned on July 28, 2017. Hop up "Artikel du Matin d'Abidjan". Archives from the originals on 6 February 2008. Leap up ^ Bourse Régionale des Valeurs Mobilières needed (October 2009). Skip up ^ "Contacts. Brought back on October 8, 2009. Skip to top ^ "World Airline Directory. March 30, 1985. "Returned on June 17, 2009.
Climb on ^ "Societe Ivoirienne de Raffinage (SIR) - Simple Oil Refinery in Vridi, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire". Archives from the orginal on 20 June 2008. Returned on March 9, 2014. Leap up ^ "Prohibition of ivory trade internationally". Returned on March 28, 2011. Skip up ^ "Map of coffee producing countries".
Returned on March 28, 2011. Hop up "The Cocoa Market." Archives from the orginal on April 3, 2011. Returned on March 28, 2011. Hop up ^ Loubière, Paul (2001-10-02). "The Parallel Economy, Crutch of Abidjan". (in French). Archives from the originals on 27.09.2007. Hop up "La zentrale thermale d'Azito". Archives from the originals on 10 March 2011.
Returned on March 28, 2011. Skip to top ^ "SOPIE Firmenwebsite". Archive from the 6th of November 2007. Returned on March 28, 2011. Skip up ^ "The French SAUR Group in Côte d'Ivoire". Returned on March 28, 2011. Skip to ^ "Seminar on mastering urbanisation and sustainable development" (PDF) (in French).
Filmed from the orginal (PDF) on 29.01.2007. Get on the gas sector in Côte d'Ivoire. Archives from the orginal on 6 July 2007. Returned on March 28, 2011. Climb on ^ "Renewable Energy Generation in Côte d'Ivoire". Returned on March 28, 2011. Skip up ^ "AFRICA ONLINE CÔTE D'IVOIRE" (in French). Archives from the orginal on 18.02.2006.
Skip to the top ^ "Overview of telecommunications in Côte d'Ivoire". Archives from the originals on 20 July 2011. Returned on March 28, 2011. Hop up "Abidjan Plan". Archives from the orginal on 05.07.2004. Skip up ^ "BIENVENUE". Archives from the orginal on 19.02.2007. Hop up "Le port-d'Abidjan". Archives from the orginal from 27. September 2007.
Returned on March 28, 2011. Hop up ^ David Cadasse. Returned on March 28, 2011. The Henri Konan Bédié Bridge, a work of art in the Abidjan heart". www.afdb.org. Bounced back on January 28, 2015. Skip up "Article Le Matin d'Abidjan". Returned on March 28, 2011. Hop up "The Mosque of the Plateau Sur".
Abidjan.net. Returned on March 28, 2011. Hop up, Monson, Thomas. "3 "3 new LDStemples are to be constructed in Côte d'Ivoire, Haiti and Thailand," says President Monson. Brought back on April 5, 2015. Skip up ^ "Site you Goethe Institute d'Abidjan". Returned on March 28, 2011. Skip up "Site du Dorf Kiyi". Archives from the orginal on November 1, 2003.
Returned on June 20, 2013. Hop up ^ "Museums of Côte d'Ivoire". Returned on March 28, 2011. Site du Palais de la Culture". Archives from the originals on 29 July 2012. Returned on March 28, 2011. Skip to top ^  Filed on October 5, 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Hop up "Ouverture du festival".
Archives from the originals on 5 March 2012. Returned on March 28, 2011. Hop up ^ "Abidjan Israeli Film Festival". Returned on March 28, 2011. Hop up ^ "Éliane de Latour" (in French). Archives from the orginal on 10.10.2006. Hop up "Film Rue Princesse". Returned on March 28, 2011. Skip up ^ "Cinema ^: "Permanent danger" by Pierre Laba or humor in dealing with uncertainty".
Filmed from the orginal on 28.05.2007. Skip up ^ http://www.abireggae.ci. Skip up ^ "Fayaflow Summary of Issue 2". Archives from the orginal on 19.02.2009. Hop up Falila Gbadamassi. Returned on March 28, 2011. Hop up "Concerto Festival d'Abidjan". Returned on March 28, 2011. Hop up ^ "Cap on RTI Music Awards 2007 !
" in French. Archives from the orginal on 5 December 2008. Hop up ^ rti.ci. Returned on March 28, 2011. Hop up ^ "Le FIMNA-Édition 2007". Returned on March 28, 2011. Hop up "Intro to Discop Africa Abidjan". discopafrica.com. Returned on November 9, 2015. Hop up "Titrology of the Ivorian Press".
Returned on March 28, 2011. Skip to the top ^ "Site". Abidjan.net. Archives from the originals on 26 April 2011. Returned on March 28, 2011. Skip to the top ^ "Site". Abidjan24.net. Archives from the originals on 24 February 2011. Returned on March 28, 2011. Skip to top ^ "Article de GRIOOO". Returned on March 28, 2011. Hop up "Danses Urbaines d'Abidjan".
Returned on March 28, 2011. Féééries d'Abidjan". Returned on March 28, 2011. Hop up "Le Yéhé". Returned on March 28, 2011. Hop du printemps ^ "Festival du cartoon et de la strip comic" de la Abidjan Press. Returned on March 28, 2011. Leap up ^ Adédé, Shadé (18 July 2007). "Côte d'Ivoire: Start of the 5th Abidjan Laughter Festival at Novotel - Dahico and Côte d'Ivoire Telecom together for 3 days of relaxation". allAfrica.com (in French).
FESTMA d'Abidjan". Returned on March 28, 2011. Skip up ^ "Centers of soccer à Abidjan". Returned on March 28, 2011. Skip up ^ "Basketball Federation Website". Returned on March 28, 2011. Hop up ^ Bagnini, P. (July 6, 2007). "Ivory Coast: Basketball - the CSA archrose sa coupe". allAfrica.com (in French).
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Returned on March 28, 2011. Skip up ^ "Olympic site Abidjan". Archives from the orginal on April 6, 2005. Vikivoyage has a guidebook for Abidjan.