Innwa (Ava)

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  Innwa ( also known as Ava [ or ] Ratanapura -  City of Gems ), located about 15 km south of Mandalay, was founded by King Thado Minpya in 1364 A.D., the youngest king at the age of 19 years ever to build a capital. At first the city was timber-walled and a year later it was brick-walled. The first Innwa period with a line of 20 kings spanned 233 years, and the second period with ten kings lasted over 150 years making Innwa the uninterrupted longest serving capital in history. It was also briefly made capital twice in the last 19th century Konbaung dynasty when it was exposed and vulnerable to the encroachment of Western colonial expansion.
In 1597 A.D. , King Nyaungyan made Innwa a capital for the second time, and a new golden palace was again built by his younger son King Thar-lun, the donor of the huge bulbous pagoda Kaungmudaw near Sagaing .
 In 1752, Innwa  was invaded and destroyed by Mon from the South.
This old capital is now not more than a small town or a large village.